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de Sitter constructions in String Theory

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Monday, December 9, 201910:00 AM Non-supersymmetric D-branes - Timm WraseNon-supersymmetric D-branes
- Timm Wrase

10:00 AM - 10:40 AMRoom: Amphitheater Claude Bloch After some general comments about the search for dS vacua in string theory, I will discuss non-supersymmetric D-branes in flux compactifications. In recent years we have obtained an improved understanding of these interesting ingredients in string compactifications. In particular, anti-D-branes play a crucial role in many constructions of dS vacua in string theory and there is the hope that by studying more general non-supersymmetric brane setups we can learn something about a so far unexplored part of the landscape.10:40 AM Mass production of stable de Sitter vacua - Renata KalloshMass production of stable de Sitter vacua- Renata Kallosh

10:40 AM - 11:20 AMRoom: Amphitheater Claude Bloch In M-theory/string theory inspired d=4 N=1 supergravityincluding a nilpotent multiplet (representing pseudo-calibrated anti-Dp branes) we found a relatively simple regular procedure to construct stable de Sitter minima in theories with many moduli and many different Kahler potentials and superpotentials associated with M-theory, type IIA and type IIB string theory.11:20 AM CoffeeCoffee11:20 AM - 11:50 AMRoom: Amphitheater Claude Bloch11:50 AM Discussion: Top-down vs. bottom-up - Gary Shiu Renata Kallosh Ander Retolaza (IPhT CEA Saclay) Pablo Soler Jakob Moritz (Cornell) Ivonne Zavala (Swansea University)Discussion: Top-down vs. bottom-up- Gary Shiu
- Renata Kallosh
- Ander Retolaza (IPhT CEA Saclay)
- Pablo Soler
- Jakob Moritz (Cornell)
- Ivonne Zavala (Swansea University)

11:50 AM - 1:00 PMRoom: Amphitheater Claude Bloch1:00 PM LunchLunch1:00 PM - 2:20 PMRoom: Amphitheater Claude Bloch2:20 PM Anti-brane do you even lift? - Thomas Van RietAnti-brane do you even lift?- Thomas Van Riet

2:20 PM - 3:00 PMRoom: Amphitheater Claude Bloch I will discuss several issues concerning the uplifting procedure of KKLT that have been discussed over the last year. Ranging from the stability with respect to brane-flux decay, to flattening effects when moduli stabilisation is included. I will try to convey the message that we are far from a proper understanding of whether dS uplifting can be achieved.3:00 PM Anti-branes in the blackfold approach - Vasilis NiarchosAnti-branes in the blackfold approach- Vasilis Niarchos

3:00 PM - 3:40 PMRoom: Amphitheater Claude Bloch I will give a brief review of the blackfold formalism which provides an approximate analytic method to obtain black hole solutions and their thermodynamic properties in gravity, including supergravity theories relevent to string theory. Subsequently, I will discuss a recent application of the method to analyze anti-D3-branes at the tip of the Klebanov-Strassler throat, which enables to examine how temperature affects the conjectured meta-stable state. Moreover, these results connect in the extremal limit to those of Kachru-Pearson-Verlinde in a regime that was previously inaccesible. The results are remarkably consistent with complementary analysis of backreacted solutions. I will also summarize corresponding results for anti M2-branes in the eleven-dimensional Cvetic-Gibbons-Lu-Pope supergravity background.3:40 PM CoffeeCoffee3:40 PM - 4:10 PMRoom: Amphitheater Claude Bloch4:10 PM The boundaries of KKLT - Lisa RandallThe boundaries of KKLT- Lisa Randall

4:10 PM - 4:40 PMRoom: Amphitheater Claude Bloch4:40 PM Discussion: Anti-branes - Thomas Van Riet Timm Wrase Iosif Bena (IPhT, CEA-Saclay) Vasilis Niarchos Susha ParameswaranDiscussion: Anti-branes- Thomas Van Riet
- Timm Wrase
- Iosif Bena (IPhT, CEA-Saclay)
- Vasilis Niarchos
- Susha Parameswaran

4:40 PM - 5:50 PMRoom: Amphitheater Claude Bloch6:00 PM ReceptionReception6:00 PM - 8:00 PMRoom: Amphitheater Claude Bloch -
Tuesday, December 10, 201910:00 AM Kähler moduli stabilization from ten dimensions - Nicolas KovenskyKähler moduli stabilization from ten dimensions
- Nicolas Kovensky

10:00 AM - 10:40 AMRoom: Amphitheater Claude Bloch We describe the back-reaction of gaugino condensates in supersymmetric AdS4 Type II String Theory compactifications with fluxes by using generalized complex geometry. We describe the modification of the ten-dimensional supersymmetry equations and show that the cosmological constant prevents the cycle wrapped by the branes with gaugino condensation from shrinking to zero size. Thus, unlike in ordinary geometric transitions in flat space, the volume of this cycle remains finite. For D7 branes with gaugino condensation, this gives a ten-dimensional account of Kähler moduli stabilization. Furthermore, by matching the ten-dimensional supergravity solutions near and far from the cycle wrapped by the D7 branes, we find a relation between the size of this cycle and the cosmological constant. This relation is almost exactly the one found by KKLT using 4d EFT.10:40 AM de Sitter Vacua from Ten Dimensions - Manki Kimde Sitter Vacua from Ten Dimensions- Manki Kim

10:40 AM - 11:20 AMRoom: Amphitheater Claude Bloch We analyze the de Sitter construction of KKLT using ten-dimensional supergravity, finding exact agreement with the four-dimensional effective theory. Starting from the fermionic couplings in the D7-brane action, we derive the ten-dimensional stress-energy due to gaugino condensation on D7-branes. We demonstrate that upon including this stress-energy, as well as that due to anti-D3-branes, the ten-dimensional equations of motion require the four-dimensional curvature to take precisely the value determined by the four-dimensional effective theory of KKLT.11:20 AM CoffeeCoffee11:20 AM - 11:50 AMRoom: Amphitheater Claude Bloch11:50 AM Discussion: Gaugino condensates - Luca Martucci Radu Tatar Nicolas Kovensky Ander Retolaza (IPhT CEA Saclay) Manki KimDiscussion: Gaugino condensates- Luca Martucci
- Radu Tatar
- Nicolas Kovensky
- Ander Retolaza (IPhT CEA Saclay)
- Manki Kim

11:50 AM - 1:00 PMRoom: Amphitheater Claude Bloch1:00 PM LunchLunch1:00 PM - 2:20 PMRoom: Amphitheater Claude Bloch2:20 PM 10d Description of 4d de Sitter Vacua - Gary Shiu10d Description of 4d de Sitter Vacua- Gary Shiu

2:20 PM - 3:00 PMRoom: Amphitheater Claude Bloch3:00 PM Uplifting Runaways and the Tadpole Problem - Severin LüstUplifting Runaways and the Tadpole Problem- Severin Lüst

3:00 PM - 3:40 PMRoom: Amphitheater Claude Bloch I will discuss a mechanism which can lead to a possible instability of the KKLT construction for de Sitter vacua. The sphere at the tip of a warped deformed conifold throat can be destabilized by antibranes placed in the throat. Consequently, the stabilization of moduli should not be treated independently from the antibrane uplift in KKLT-like scenarios. A similar bound can be found for numerically constructed Klebanov-Strassler black holes. This conifold destabilization mechanism can be avoided by turning on a large amount of flux on the sphere, but tadpole cancelation constraints the hierarchy of scales in a type IIB flux compactification. Even though sufficiently large tadpole bounds can be realized in string theory, they always come at the expense of a large number of moduli. The stabilization of these moduli by fluxes contributes to the tadpole condition as well, reducing the maximal flux on the KS-throat. I will discuss this problem for the example of M-theory on K3 x K3.3:40 PM CoffeeCoffee3:40 PM - 4:10 PMRoom: Amphitheater Claude Bloch4:10 PM Discussion: Tadpole constraints - Erik Plauschinn David Andriot Andreas Braun Mariana Grana (CEA/Saclay) Severin LüstDiscussion: Tadpole constraints- Erik Plauschinn
- David Andriot
- Andreas Braun
- Mariana Grana (CEA/Saclay)
- Severin Lüst

4:10 PM - 5:20 PMRoom: Amphitheater Claude Bloch -
Wednesday, December 11, 201910:00 AM Constraints on dS from Higher Dimensions - Bret UnderwoodConstraints on dS from Higher Dimensions
- Bret Underwood

10:00 AM - 10:40 AMRoom: Amphitheater Claude Bloch After a review of some existing constraints on obtaining 4-dimensional de Sitter space in models with static extra dimensions, I discuss a new set of constraints, based on the null Raychaudhuri equation. These constraints indicate that dS spacetimes must have (choose at least one): positive internal curvature, or warping sourced by the 4-d cosmological constant, or violate the null energy condition pointwise everywhere in the extra dimensions. I will compare these constraints to previous ones and explore their application to known models of 4-dimensional dS space with extra dimensions, drawing lessons for future model-building along the way.10:40 AM Two routes to de Sitter in holography - Francesco NittiTwo routes to de Sitter in holography- Francesco Nitti

10:40 AM - 11:20 AMRoom: Amphitheater Claude Bloch In the context of holographic model building, I will discuss ways to obtain de Sitter space in four dimensions which do not rely on finding a stable semiclassical vacuum solution with an effective positive potential energy. In the field theory dual description, these de Sitter solutions can be thought of as non-vacuum states in a (deformed) CFT and are arise due to either non-trivial sources or non-trivial initial conditions.11:20 AM CoffeeCoffee11:20 AM - 11:50 AMRoom: Amphitheater Claude Bloch11:50 AM Discussion: No-go theorems - Giuseppe Dibitetto Bret Underwood Mariana Grana (CEA/Saclay) Johan Blåbäck (CEA-Saclay) Thomas Van RietDiscussion: No-go theorems- Giuseppe Dibitetto
- Bret Underwood
- Mariana Grana (CEA/Saclay)
- Johan Blåbäck (CEA-Saclay)
- Thomas Van Riet

11:50 AM - 1:00 PMRoom: Amphitheater Claude Bloch1:00 PM LunchLunch1:00 PM - 2:20 PMRoom: Amphitheater Claude Bloch2:20 PM A new landscape of orientifold vacua - Jakob Moritz (Cornell)A new landscape of orientifold vacua- Jakob Moritz (Cornell)

2:20 PM - 3:00 PMRoom: Amphitheater Claude Bloch A consistent O3/O7 orientifold of type IIB string theory is the starting point for KKLT constructions of de Sitter vacua. I will present a vast landscape of such orientifolds that descends from the famous set of complete intersection Calabi-Yau's (CICY). I will present distributions of topological data relevant for phenomenology such as the splitting of Hodge numbers, the D3 tadpole, and multiplicities of O3 and O7 planes. Somewhat surprisingly, almost all of these orientifolds have conifold singularities whose deformation branches are projected out by the orientifolding. However, they can be resolved, so most of the orientifolds actually descend from a much larger and possibly new set of CY threefolds that can reached from the CICYs via conifold transitions. Finally, we observe an interesting class of N=1 geometric transitions involving colliding O-planes similar to another class that has previously been described in the literature.3:00 PM Solving Global Optimisation Problems - Johan Blåbäck (CEA-Saclay)Solving Global Optimisation Problems- Johan Blåbäck (CEA-Saclay)

3:00 PM - 3:40 PMRoom: Amphitheater Claude Bloch When answers are difficult to come by via analytical means, they still may be possible to find by formulating it as an optimisation problem and finding numerical solutions. I will talk about evolutionary computing algorithms, differential evolution in particular, and demonstrate how it can be used to answer questions related to the landscape/swampland. I will recommend software and mention design strategies so that anyone can start applying these methods themselves.3:40 PM CoffeeCoffee3:40 PM - 4:10 PMRoom: Amphitheater Claude Bloch4:10 PM Closing discussion - Elias Kiritsis (UoC and APC) Emilian Dudas (Ecole Polytechnique) Giuseppe Dibitetto Iosif Bena (IPhT, CEA-Saclay) Renata KalloshClosing discussion- Elias Kiritsis (UoC and APC)
- Emilian Dudas (Ecole Polytechnique)
- Giuseppe Dibitetto
- Iosif Bena (IPhT, CEA-Saclay)
- Renata Kallosh

4:10 PM - 5:20 PMRoom: Amphitheater Claude Bloch