BLACK-HOLE MICROSTRUCTURE

Europe/Paris
Via Zoom

Via Zoom

Friday Zoom link :
Description

 


Conference:  June 7 - 11, 2021 


The microscopic description of black holes has been a challenge for more than forty years.  There are now quite a number of promising approaches to solving this problem and the primary goal of this conference and workshop is to bring together experts in these areas to identify synergies, engage in constructive criticism and resolve apparent conflicts.  A significant focus will be the dynamics of black-hole microstructure: how infalling matter is scrambled and how information is recovered.

The conference will involve three or four talks a day and three panel discussions.   All events will be held via Zoom and streamed to Youtube


Recorded Youtube links for all the talks can be found in the timetable


Organizers: Iosif Bena, Nick Warner

Logo IPhTLogo CEA/DSM  Logo CNRS

           

Registration
Registration for Conference - June 7 - 11
Participants
  • Aaron Poole
  • Abdellah Touati
  • Abhiram Kidambi
  • Abinash Swain
  • Achilleas Passias
  • Adam Chalabi
  • Adam Levine
  • Adam Schwimmer
  • Adrian Padellaro
  • Akash Mishra
  • Alan Garbarz
  • Albin James
  • Alejandro Ruiperez Vicente
  • Alessandro Coppo
  • Alessandro Tanzini
  • Alessio Fontanarossa
  • Alessio Marrani
  • Alexander Tyukov
  • Alexandros Kanargias
  • Alfredo Grillo
  • Ali Akil
  • ali naseh
  • Alice Bernamonti
  • Allic Sivaramakrishnan
  • Amit Giveon
  • Ana Raclariu
  • Andrea Legramandi
  • Andrea Puhm
  • Andres Goya
  • Ankit Anand
  • Anna Karlsson
  • Anthony Houppe
  • Aranya Bhattacharya
  • Arnab Kundu
  • Aruna Rajagopal
  • Ashton Lowenstein
  • Avik Chakraborty
  • Bahman Najian
  • Bart Ripperda
  • Baur Mukhametzhanov
  • Behrad Taghavi
  • Ben Craps
  • Bernard JULIA
  • Bharathkumar Radhakrishnan
  • BIDISHA CHAKRABARTY
  • Bogdan Ganchev
  • Bryan Malpartida
  • Calvin Chen
  • Charlie Woodward
  • Chirag Pradhan
  • Chris Blair
  • Christos Kokorelis
  • Cristian Rivera
  • Dalimil Mazac
  • Daniel Mayerson
  • David Kolchmeyer
  • David Kubiznak
  • David Meltzer
  • David Turton
  • David Vegh
  • Davide Bufalini
  • Debajyoti Sarkar
  • Debtroy Das
  • DIEGO TRANCANELLI
  • Dimitrios Katsinis
  • Dimitrios Toulikas
  • Dominik Neuenfeld
  • Dongsheng Ge
  • Douglas Stanford
  • Elias Kiritsis
  • Emil Martinec
  • Emilio Rubin de Celis
  • Enrico Parisini
  • Fabian Fischbach
  • Farnik Nikakhtar
  • Federico Capone
  • Federico Galli
  • Felipe Rosso
  • Francesco Di Filippo
  • Francisco Morales
  • Frank Ferrari
  • Furkan Utku Biber
  • Gabriel Palau
  • Ganesh Subramaniam
  • Guillermo Silva
  • Gurulakshmi Subramanian
  • Gustavo Joaquin Turiaci
  • Hao Geng
  • Haoyu Sun
  • Himanshu Raj
  • Hitoshi Sakai
  • Hongliang Jiang
  • Houssem Amami
  • Hugo Camargo
  • Ibrahima Bah
  • Ignacio Salazar Landea
  • Ilia Musco
  • Ioannis Tsiares
  • Itzhak Bars
  • Iva Lovrekovic
  • Jaco van Zyl
  • Jacob Leedom
  • Jahed Abedi
  • Jan Boruch
  • Javier Martin-Garcia
  • Jeevan Chandra Namburi
  • Jensen Lawrence
  • Jeremy Borden
  • Jerome Gauntlett
  • Jewel Kumar Ghosh
  • Jiabao Yang
  • Jin-Beom Bae
  • Jinwei Chu
  • John Joseph Marchetta
  • Juan Hernandez
  • Juan Maldacena
  • juan zarate
  • Julian Sonner
  • Junggi Yoon
  • Kanak Sharma
  • Kanato Goto
  • Keerthana Rajan L
  • Kelly Wurtz
  • Kevin Goldstein
  • Kevin Nguyen
  • Kiriakos Hilbert
  • Korumilli Sravan Kumar
  • Kostas Skenderis
  • Krzysztof Pilch
  • Kwinten Fransen
  • Lewis Sword
  • Lionel Mason
  • lisa randall
  • Lorenzo Küchler
  • Luca Buoninfante
  • Luca Griguolo
  • Luís Felipe Longo Micchi
  • Madhur Mehta
  • Manthos Karydas
  • Marcel Hughes
  • Marija Tomasevic
  • Marine De Clerck
  • María Agustina Pereyra Grau
  • Masaki Shigemori
  • Masanori Hanada
  • Massimo Bianchi
  • Matthew Dodelson
  • Matthew Heydeman
  • Matthew Roberts
  • Maxim Pavlov
  • Maximilian Schwick
  • Maximiliano Gabriel Ferrro
  • Merav Hadad
  • Meseret Asrat
  • Michal P. Heller
  • Mikhail Khramtsov
  • Milton Mi
  • Mostafa Ghasemi
  • Mostafizur Rahman
  • Mudassir Moosa
  • Murat Kologlu
  • Naritaka Oshita
  • Nava Gaddam
  • Neeraj Tata
  • Neha Choudhary
  • Nehal Mittal
  • Neil Talwar
  • Nejc Ceplak
  • Niayesh Afshordi
  • Nicholas Warner
  • Nicola Pranzini
  • Nicolas Delporte
  • Nicolas Kovensky
  • Nikita choudhary
  • noam tamarin
  • Norihito Toyota
  • Olga Papadoulaki
  • Panagiotis Betzios
  • Paolo Pani
  • Pedro F. Ramirez
  • Pedro Jorge Martínez
  • Pedro Zottolo
  • Philip Hacker
  • Pierre Heidmann
  • Pinaki Banerjee
  • Prasanta Tripathy
  • Pratik Nandy
  • Prem Kumar
  • Quim Llorens
  • Raghu Mahajan
  • Ramit Dey
  • Rana Zibakhsh
  • Rashid Alawadhi
  • Raúl Arias
  • Ricardo Espindola
  • Ricardo Schiappa
  • Richard Michalak
  • Robert Clemenson
  • Robert de Mello Koch
  • Robert Myers
  • Roberto Emparan
  • Roberto Vega Álvarez
  • Robin Karlsson
  • Rodolfo Panerai
  • Rodolfo Russo
  • Romain Pascalie
  • Ryan Bilotta
  • S. Sedigheh Hashemi
  • Sagar Kumar Maity
  • Sam van Leuven
  • Sami Rawash
  • Samir Mathur
  • SANDEEP KUMAR DUBEY
  • Sanjoy Saha
  • Sayantan Choudhury
  • Sebastian Fischetti
  • Sergio Ernesto Aguilar Gutierrez
  • Sergio Iguri
  • Shabeeb Alalawi
  • Shan-Ming Ruan
  • Shaun Hampton
  • Shinsuke Kawai
  • shinya ishii
  • Shota Komatsu
  • Shu-Di Yang
  • SHUBHAM RASTOGI
  • Sophia Singh
  • Sotaro Sugishita
  • Souvik Banerjee
  • Srinivas Namani
  • Stefano De Angelis
  • Stefano Massai
  • Stephen Shenker
  • Steve Giddings
  • steven liebling
  • Subhodeep Sarkar
  • Tom Hartman
  • Tsunehide Kuroki
  • Vaios Ziogas
  • Valentin Benedetti Olive
  • Vasil Dimitrov
  • Vatche Sahakian
  • Ven Chandrasekaran
  • Victor Luca Iliesiu
  • Vishnu Jejjala
  • Vyshnav Mohan
  • Wan Zhen Chua
  • Wei-Hsiang Shao
  • Yang Lei
  • Yen Chin Ong
  • Yikun Jiang
  • Yiming Chen
  • Ying Zhao
  • Yixuan Li
  • Yorgo Pano
  • Yuki Yokokura
  • zezhuang hao
  • zhenbin yang
  • Ángel Murcia
    • 11:20 AM
      Connecting. Welcome

      All events are given in Paris time

    • 1
      How to Spot Microstructure in the Wild

      The advent of gravitational waves and black hole imaging has opened a new window into probing the horizon scale of black holes. An important question is whether string theory results for black hole physics can predict interesting and observable features that current and future experiments can probe. I will give a brief overview of the relevant observational experiments, before reviewing this exciting new field of gravitational black hole phenomenology from the perspective of fuzzballs. I will discuss what we can learn from the phenomenological study of known fuzzball geometries, what our current limitations are, and how future developments in fuzzballs physics will be crucial for the further development of this field.

      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ghZHE9wX8Kg

      Speaker: Daniel Mayerson
    • 1:50 PM
      Session Chair: Rodolfo Russo
    • 2
      Black Holes, Unscripted

      Black Holes occupy a special place in the fascination of astronomers and physicists. From the most speculative mathematical physicist, to the most sensible radio astronomer, everyone has their own narrative of what lies within a black hole, based on their own preconceptions. As an alternative, I will outline an empirical and agnostic roadmap for probing black hole physics, by combining elements of quantum mechanics, general relativity, and astrophysical observations.

      http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fm7r9jJKf3g

      Speaker: Niayesh Afshordi
    • 3
      How does a black-hole microstate ringdown?

      The quasinormal-mode spectrum of a horizonless compact object can differ significantly from that of the corresponding classical black hole. However, the time response can be initially very similar if the object is sufficiently compact. A generic smoking gun of the absence of a classical horizon is the presence of echoes in the late-time ringdown. The echo delay time and morphology depend crucially on the properties of the object down to its potential well. Most of the echo analyses so far have considered toy or phenomenological models. I will present recent results on the ringdown phenomenology for a class of multicenter geometries describing the microstates of a static BPS black hole. The numerical method is based on numerical-relativity simulations of a test scalar field propagating on these geometries and can be applied to any stationary microstate, including non-BPS ones.

      https://youtu.be/cYAoByDykTE

      Speaker: Paolo Pani
    • 4
      Panel: Distinguishing Microstructure from Black Holes

      Iosif Bena (moderator), Massimo Bianchi, Daniel Mayerson, Geoff Penington

      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0BO-p58Pypc

      Speakers: Iosif Bena (Moderator), Geoff Penington, Massimo Bianchi, Daniel Mayerson
    • 11:20 AM
      Session Chair: Iosif Bena

      All events are given in Paris time

    • 5
      Black Hole Microstates in Holography and Worldsheet CFT

      In this talk I will review recent progress on two topics. The first topic is the holographic description of heavy configurations in supergravity, in which holography can provide a microscopic interpretation of a supergravity solution as describing a particular pure black hole microstate. Recent results have enabled holographic studies with improved precision for supergravity solutions such as superstrata. The second topic is worldsheet models that describe stringy features of black hole microstates. These features include the fine microstructure of the bound state and an additional time delay of certain probes, beyond that which is visible in supergravity.

      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z3Qm8BzMyJE

      Speaker: David Turton
    • 6
      The CFT Dual of a Tidal Force

      It was demonstrated that a string probe falling radially within a superstrata geometry would experience tidal forces. These tidal forces were shown to excite the string by converting its kinetic energy into motion along the transverse directions. Using the AdS/CFT correspondence we seek to understand this behavior from the perspective of the dual D1D5 CFT. To study this process we turn on an interaction of the theory which is described by a deformation operator. This deformation includes a twist operator which joins and separates `effective' strings of the D1D5 system. We start with an initial state which is dual to the probe moving within the superstrata geometry. We then use two deformation operators to compute transition amplitudes between this state and a final state that corresponds to excitations along the transverse directions. We show that for long timescales this amplitude grows as $t^2$ with $t$ being the amount of time for which the deformation operators are turned on. We argue that this process in the CFT is suggestive of the tidal effects experienced by the probe propagating within the dual superstrata geometry.

      https://youtu.be/DIM5oz3AWHc

      Speaker: Shaun Hampton
    • 3:20 PM
      Session Chair: Nejc Ceplak
    • 7
      Black hole microstates vs the additivity conjectures

      I will argue that at least one of the following statements must be true: either (a) extensive violations of quantum information theory's “additivity conjectures” exist or (b) there exists a set of “disentangled” black hole microstates that can account for the entire Bekenstein-Hawking entropy (up to at most a subleading O(1) correction). Possibility (a) would be a significant result in quantum communication theory, demonstrating that entanglement can enhance the ability to transmit information much more than has currently been established. More interestingly given the topic of this conference, option (b) would provide new insight into the microphysics of black holes. In particular, the disentangled microstates would have to have nontrivial structure at or outside the black hole horizon, assuming the validity of the quantum extremal surface prescription for calculating entanglement entropy in AdS/CFT.

      https://youtu.be/fyx4ZHR9N6E

      Speaker: Geoff Penington
    • 8
      An overview of Jackiw-Teitelboim gravity and applications

      We will give an overview of recent developments in two dimensional Jackiw-Teitelboim (JT) gravity in asymptotically AdS, and applications. The talk will be separated into two parts. First we will review perturbative quantum effects in JT gravity, which are a good approximation of low energy physics for a variety of systems including near-extremal black holes in higher dimensions and SYK-like models. These effects become large at small enough temperatures modifying the spectrum and correlators. Still, they are not enough to capture the unitarity of the black hole spectrum. In the second part of the talk, focusing on pure gravity, we will review non-perturbative effects originating from spacetime wormholes and sum over topologies. This leads to a concrete duality between a large class of two dimensional dilaton-gravity theories in asymptotically AdS and a disorder average over boundary Hamiltonians, described by random matrix theory.

      https://youtu.be/Yjr_k7d2lvE

      Speaker: Joaquin Turiaci
    • 11:20 AM
      Session Chair: Stefano Giusto

      All events are given in Paris time

    • 9
      Interpolating between multi-center solutions

      We study interpolation between two multi-center microstate geometries in 4d/5d that represent Lunin-Mathur geometries with circular profiles. The interpolating solution is a Lunin-Mathur geometry with a helical profile, and is represented by a 2-center solution with a codimension-2 source. The interpolating 2-center solution exhibits interesting features such as some of the charges being delocalized, and some of the charges getting transferred from the codimension-2 center to the other, codimension-3 center as the interpolation proceeds. We also discuss the spectral flow of this entire process and speculate on the relevance of such solutions to understanding general microstates of 3-charge black holes.

      http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UakWIQ1dmmU

      Speaker: Masaki Shigemori
    • 2:50 PM
      Session Chair: Nick Warner
    • 10
      Comments on the Page curve for Hawking radiation

      We will review the ideas that lead to the computation of the Page curve for Hawking radiation. We will discuss what aspects of the black hole information problem this addresses and which ones remain to be understood.

      http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-vHrjKGgtMk

      Speaker: Juan Maldacena
    • 11
      Contrasting the fuzzball and wormhole paradigms for resolving the black hole information paradox

      We summarize the information paradox and how the fuzzball paradigm resolves the paradox. We note that the small corrections theorem implies that any alternative to fuzzballs must involve long-distance nonlocality. We comment on some aspects of the wormhole paradigm, trying to pinpoint the kind of nonlocalities implied by such an approach.

      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-vHrjKGgtMk&t=4215s

      Speaker: Samir Mathur
    • 12
      Maldacena Response
      Speaker: Juan Maldacena
    • 13
      Mathur Response
      Speaker: Samir Mathur
    • 14
      Panel: Islands

      Moderator: Emil Martinec

      http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m_1mzZ9tlvc

      Speakers: Emil Martinec (Moderator), Douglas Stanford, Juan Maldacena, Samir Mathur
    • 2:20 PM
      Session Chair: David Turton

      All events are given in Paris time

    • 15
      Superstrata and Microstrata

      I will review that current status of superstrata as a description of BPS microstructure and summarize some of the open problems. I will also describe some new progress in the construction of "microstrata:" non-extremal analogues of superstrata.

      https://youtu.be/nvPqTqNs00U

      Speaker: Nicholas Warner
    • 16
      Bubble Bag End: a Non-BPS Floating Brane’s Tale

      Using the Weyl formalism, we will describe a new mechanism for constructing smooth bubbling geometries in the non-BPS regime. The solutions require at least 6 dimensions, they are static, axially symmetric and asymptotic to four-dimensional Minkowski flat dimensions plus extra compact dimensions. They are generated by a set of harmonic functions like their BPS cousins but are sourced by rods. We will study solutions consisting of a large number of smooth microscopic bubbles, so-called Bubble Bag Ends. These solutions resemble a geometry with a naked singularity that is resolved by the chain of bubbles. The S^2 sphere suddenly opens in the vicinity of the singularity but closes at the bubble loci where the space-time caps off smoothly. We will embed the solutions in string theory and discuss a new non-BPS floating brane Ansatz that allows the construction of static horizonless bubbling geometries.

      https://youtu.be/CpjWvOLVkoo

      Speaker: Pierre Heidmann
    • 17
      Wormholes and microstructure

      https://youtu.be/yQ0Q58FvsHM

      Speaker: Steve Shenker
    • 1:50 PM
      Session Chair: Bogdan Ganchev
    • 18
      Scrambling in rotating BTZ from CFT

      Slow scrambling has recently been discussed in the context of extremal BTZ black holes and associated microstate geometries. This talk addresses the CFT origin of this phenomenon and of related results for more general rotating BTZ black holes.

      https://youtu.be/qo8c3xXOvyE

      Speaker: Ben Craps
    • 3:25 PM
      Session Chair: Daniel Mayerson
    • 19
      AdS3/(worldsheet)CFT2

      Perturbative string methods provide a wealth of insights into AdS3/CFT2 duality, and its generalization to little string theory. An overview of these methods will be given as well as a survey of results obtained to date.

      http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lHjQdvGu-mc

      Speaker: Emil Martinec
    • 20
      AdS3 with no BTZs

      I will describe AdS3 string theory with NS fluxes in a regime where the AdS3 radius of curvature is smaller than the string scale. The asymptotic density of states consists of highly excited fundamental strings rather than BTZ black holes. I will present evidence that the CFT dual to this string theory is a symmetric product orbifold with a linear dilaton "block" CFT, with a deformation that introduces a wall that cuts off the strong coupling region.

      https://youtu.be/Z4r7M6ft1xg

      Speaker: Bruno Balthazar
    • 21
      Panel: Scrambling and Tidal Disruption

      https://youtu.be/jHp1WVBdYww

      Speakers: Nicholas Warner (Moderator), Ben Craps, Julian Sonner, Shaun Hampton