BLACK-HOLE MICROSTRUCTURE

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Monday, June 7, 202111:20 AM Connecting. WelcomeConnecting. Welcome11:20 AM - 11:30 AM11:30 AM How to Spot Microstructure in the Wild - Daniel MayersonHow to Spot Microstructure in the Wild
- Daniel Mayerson

11:30 AM - 12:45 PMThe advent of gravitational waves and black hole imaging has opened a new window into probing the horizon scale of black holes. An important question is whether string theory results for black hole physics can predict interesting and observable features that current and future experiments can probe. I will give a brief overview of the relevant observational experiments, before reviewing this exciting new field of gravitational black hole phenomenology from the perspective of fuzzballs. I will discuss what we can learn from the phenomenological study of known fuzzball geometries, what our current limitations are, and how future developments in fuzzballs physics will be crucial for the further development of this field. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ghZHE9wX8Kg1:50 PM Session Chair: Rodolfo RussoSession Chair: Rodolfo Russo1:50 PM - 2:00 PM2:00 PM Black Holes, Unscripted - Niayesh AfshordiBlack Holes, Unscripted- Niayesh Afshordi

2:00 PM - 3:00 PMBlack Holes occupy a special place in the fascination of astronomers and physicists. From the most speculative mathematical physicist, to the most sensible radio astronomer, everyone has their own narrative of what lies within a black hole, based on their own preconceptions. As an alternative, I will outline an empirical and agnostic roadmap for probing black hole physics, by combining elements of quantum mechanics, general relativity, and astrophysical observations. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fm7r9jJKf3g3:30 PM How does a black-hole microstate ringdown? - Paolo PaniHow does a black-hole microstate ringdown?- Paolo Pani

3:30 PM - 4:30 PMThe quasinormal-mode spectrum of a horizonless compact object can differ significantly from that of the corresponding classical black hole. However, the time response can be initially very similar if the object is sufficiently compact. A generic smoking gun of the absence of a classical horizon is the presence of echoes in the late-time ringdown. The echo delay time and morphology depend crucially on the properties of the object down to its potential well. Most of the echo analyses so far have considered toy or phenomenological models. I will present recent results on the ringdown phenomenology for a class of multicenter geometries describing the microstates of a static BPS black hole. The numerical method is based on numerical-relativity simulations of a test scalar field propagating on these geometries and can be applied to any stationary microstate, including non-BPS ones. https://youtu.be/cYAoByDykTE5:15 PM Panel: Distinguishing Microstructure from Black Holes - Iosif Bena (Moderator) Daniel Mayerson Massimo Bianchi Geoff PeningtonPanel: Distinguishing Microstructure from Black Holes- Iosif Bena (Moderator)
- Daniel Mayerson
- Massimo Bianchi
- Geoff Penington

5:15 PM - 6:30 PMIosif Bena (moderator), Massimo Bianchi, Daniel Mayerson, Geoff Penington https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0BO-p58Pypc -
Tuesday, June 8, 202111:20 AM Session Chair: Iosif BenaSession Chair: Iosif Bena11:20 AM - 11:30 AM11:30 AM Black Hole Microstates in Holography and Worldsheet CFT - David TurtonBlack Hole Microstates in Holography and Worldsheet CFT
- David Turton

11:30 AM - 12:45 PMIn this talk I will review recent progress on two topics. The first topic is the holographic description of heavy configurations in supergravity, in which holography can provide a microscopic interpretation of a supergravity solution as describing a particular pure black hole microstate. Recent results have enabled holographic studies with improved precision for supergravity solutions such as superstrata. The second topic is worldsheet models that describe stringy features of black hole microstates. These features include the fine microstructure of the bound state and an additional time delay of certain probes, beyond that which is visible in supergravity. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z3Qm8BzMyJE2:00 PM The CFT Dual of a Tidal Force - Shaun HamptonThe CFT Dual of a Tidal Force- Shaun Hampton

2:00 PM - 3:00 PMIt was demonstrated that a string probe falling radially within a superstrata geometry would experience tidal forces. These tidal forces were shown to excite the string by converting its kinetic energy into motion along the transverse directions. Using the AdS/CFT correspondence we seek to understand this behavior from the perspective of the dual D1D5 CFT. To study this process we turn on an interaction of the theory which is described by a deformation operator. This deformation includes a twist operator which joins and separates `effective' strings of the D1D5 system. We start with an initial state which is dual to the probe moving within the superstrata geometry. We then use two deformation operators to compute transition amplitudes between this state and a final state that corresponds to excitations along the transverse directions. We show that for long timescales this amplitude grows as $t^2$ with $t$ being the amount of time for which the deformation operators are turned on. We argue that this process in the CFT is suggestive of the tidal effects experienced by the probe propagating within the dual superstrata geometry. https://youtu.be/DIM5oz3AWHc3:20 PM Session Chair: Nejc CeplakSession Chair: Nejc Ceplak3:20 PM - 3:30 PM3:30 PM Black hole microstates vs the additivity conjectures - Geoff PeningtonBlack hole microstates vs the additivity conjectures- Geoff Penington

3:30 PM - 4:30 PMI will argue that at least one of the following statements must be true: either (a) extensive violations of quantum information theory's “additivity conjectures” exist or (b) there exists a set of “disentangled” black hole microstates that can account for the entire Bekenstein-Hawking entropy (up to at most a subleading O(1) correction). Possibility (a) would be a significant result in quantum communication theory, demonstrating that entanglement can enhance the ability to transmit information much more than has currently been established. More interestingly given the topic of this conference, option (b) would provide new insight into the microphysics of black holes. In particular, the disentangled microstates would have to have nontrivial structure at or outside the black hole horizon, assuming the validity of the quantum extremal surface prescription for calculating entanglement entropy in AdS/CFT. https://youtu.be/fyx4ZHR9N6E5:15 PM An overview of Jackiw-Teitelboim gravity and applications - Joaquin TuriaciAn overview of Jackiw-Teitelboim gravity and applications- Joaquin Turiaci

5:15 PM - 6:30 PMWe will give an overview of recent developments in two dimensional Jackiw-Teitelboim (JT) gravity in asymptotically AdS, and applications. The talk will be separated into two parts. First we will review perturbative quantum effects in JT gravity, which are a good approximation of low energy physics for a variety of systems including near-extremal black holes in higher dimensions and SYK-like models. These effects become large at small enough temperatures modifying the spectrum and correlators. Still, they are not enough to capture the unitarity of the black hole spectrum. In the second part of the talk, focusing on pure gravity, we will review non-perturbative effects originating from spacetime wormholes and sum over topologies. This leads to a concrete duality between a large class of two dimensional dilaton-gravity theories in asymptotically AdS and a disorder average over boundary Hamiltonians, described by random matrix theory. https://youtu.be/Yjr_k7d2lvE -
Wednesday, June 9, 202111:20 AM Session Chair: Stefano GiustoSession Chair: Stefano Giusto11:20 AM - 11:30 AM11:30 AM Interpolating between multi-center solutions - Masaki ShigemoriInterpolating between multi-center solutions
- Masaki Shigemori

11:30 AM - 12:30 PMWe study interpolation between two multi-center microstate geometries in 4d/5d that represent Lunin-Mathur geometries with circular profiles. The interpolating solution is a Lunin-Mathur geometry with a helical profile, and is represented by a 2-center solution with a codimension-2 source. The interpolating 2-center solution exhibits interesting features such as some of the charges being delocalized, and some of the charges getting transferred from the codimension-2 center to the other, codimension-3 center as the interpolation proceeds. We also discuss the spectral flow of this entire process and speculate on the relevance of such solutions to understanding general microstates of 3-charge black holes. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UakWIQ1dmmU2:50 PM Session Chair: Nick WarnerSession Chair: Nick Warner2:50 PM - 3:00 PM3:00 PM Comments on the Page curve for Hawking radiation - Juan MaldacenaComments on the Page curve for Hawking radiation- Juan Maldacena

3:00 PM - 4:00 PMWe will review the ideas that lead to the computation of the Page curve for Hawking radiation. We will discuss what aspects of the black hole information problem this addresses and which ones remain to be understood. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-vHrjKGgtMk4:00 PM Contrasting the fuzzball and wormhole paradigms for resolving the black hole information paradox - Samir MathurContrasting the fuzzball and wormhole paradigms for resolving the black hole information paradox- Samir Mathur

4:00 PM - 5:00 PMWe summarize the information paradox and how the fuzzball paradigm resolves the paradox. We note that the small corrections theorem implies that any alternative to fuzzballs must involve long-distance nonlocality. We comment on some aspects of the wormhole paradigm, trying to pinpoint the kind of nonlocalities implied by such an approach. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-vHrjKGgtMk&t=4215s5:00 PM Maldacena Response - Juan MaldacenaMaldacena Response- Juan Maldacena

5:00 PM - 5:15 PM5:15 PM Mathur Response - Samir MathurMathur Response- Samir Mathur

5:15 PM - 5:30 PM6:15 PM Panel: Islands - Samir Mathur Emil Martinec (Moderator) Juan Maldacena Douglas StanfordPanel: Islands- Samir Mathur
- Emil Martinec (Moderator)
- Juan Maldacena
- Douglas Stanford

6:15 PM - 7:30 PMModerator: Emil Martinec http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m_1mzZ9tlvc -
Thursday, June 10, 20212:20 PM Session Chair: David TurtonSession Chair: David Turton2:20 PM - 2:30 PM2:30 PM Superstrata and Microstrata - Nicholas WarnerSuperstrata and Microstrata
- Nicholas Warner

2:30 PM - 3:45 PMI will review that current status of superstrata as a description of BPS microstructure and summarize some of the open problems. I will also describe some new progress in the construction of "microstrata:" non-extremal analogues of superstrata. https://youtu.be/nvPqTqNs00U4:30 PM Bubble Bag End: a Non-BPS Floating Brane’s Tale - Pierre HeidmannBubble Bag End: a Non-BPS Floating Brane’s Tale- Pierre Heidmann

4:30 PM - 5:30 PMUsing the Weyl formalism, we will describe a new mechanism for constructing smooth bubbling geometries in the non-BPS regime. The solutions require at least 6 dimensions, they are static, axially symmetric and asymptotic to four-dimensional Minkowski flat dimensions plus extra compact dimensions. They are generated by a set of harmonic functions like their BPS cousins but are sourced by rods. We will study solutions consisting of a large number of smooth microscopic bubbles, so-called Bubble Bag Ends. These solutions resemble a geometry with a naked singularity that is resolved by the chain of bubbles. The S^2 sphere suddenly opens in the vicinity of the singularity but closes at the bubble loci where the space-time caps off smoothly. We will embed the solutions in string theory and discuss a new non-BPS floating brane Ansatz that allows the construction of static horizonless bubbling geometries. https://youtu.be/CpjWvOLVkoo6:00 PM Wormholes and microstructure - Steve ShenkerWormholes and microstructure- Steve Shenker

6:00 PM - 7:00 PMhttps://youtu.be/yQ0Q58FvsHM -
Friday, June 11, 20211:50 PM Session Chair: Bogdan GanchevSession Chair: Bogdan Ganchev1:50 PM - 2:00 PM2:00 PM Scrambling in rotating BTZ from CFT - Ben CrapsScrambling in rotating BTZ from CFT
- Ben Craps

2:00 PM - 3:00 PMSlow scrambling has recently been discussed in the context of extremal BTZ black holes and associated microstate geometries. This talk addresses the CFT origin of this phenomenon and of related results for more general rotating BTZ black holes. https://youtu.be/qo8c3xXOvyE3:25 PM Session Chair: Daniel MayersonSession Chair: Daniel Mayerson3:25 PM - 3:30 PM3:30 PM AdS3/(worldsheet)CFT2 - Emil MartinecAdS3/(worldsheet)CFT2- Emil Martinec

3:30 PM - 4:15 PMPerturbative string methods provide a wealth of insights into AdS3/CFT2 duality, and its generalization to little string theory. An overview of these methods will be given as well as a survey of results obtained to date. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lHjQdvGu-mc4:45 PM AdS3 with no BTZs - Bruno BalthazarAdS3 with no BTZs- Bruno Balthazar

4:45 PM - 5:30 PMI will describe AdS3 string theory with NS fluxes in a regime where the AdS3 radius of curvature is smaller than the string scale. The asymptotic density of states consists of highly excited fundamental strings rather than BTZ black holes. I will present evidence that the CFT dual to this string theory is a symmetric product orbifold with a linear dilaton "block" CFT, with a deformation that introduces a wall that cuts off the strong coupling region. https://youtu.be/Z4r7M6ft1xg6:00 PM Panel: Scrambling and Tidal Disruption - Shaun Hampton Ben Craps Julian Sonner Nicholas Warner (Moderator)Panel: Scrambling and Tidal Disruption- Shaun Hampton
- Ben Craps
- Julian Sonner
- Nicholas Warner (Moderator)

6:00 PM - 7:15 PMhttps://youtu.be/jHp1WVBdYww

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