8-12 July 2019
Cité des Congrès
Europe/Paris timezone

Real-time x-ray probing of the semiconductor to metal ultrafast phase transition in Titanium Pentaoxyde nanocrystals

12 Jul 2019, 09:00
Salle KL (Cité des Congrès)

Salle KL

Cité des Congrès


Celine Mariette (Institut de Physique de Rennes - CNRS)


Since the 2000’s and the pionnering Time-Resolved X-ray diffraction experiments (TR-XRD), we can now “see” atomic motions in real time on femtoseconde time scales. Today’s challenge is not only to see but also to to “act” on matter in an ultra-fast and controlled manner. This means inducing an ultrafast permanent change, ultimately reversible, in a material. This requires a deep understanding of the ultrafast structural dynamics but also the propagation process of the induced deformation on longer time and space scales. It was recently demonstrated experimentally and theoretically a self-amplified responsiveness in a spin-crossover material [1] during its delayed volume expansion.
Our talk will focus on Titanium Pentaoxide, a prototype of multistability which undergoes phase transitions between different forms (so called α,β,λ), that can be monitored by temperature, pressure, electric field and laser pulses. The stability of the phases is strongly related to the size of the crystallites. In particular the nanocrystals are bi-stable up to room temperature with obvious interest for pure and applied science[3,4] (fig. 1). The results of TR-XRD experiment performed on Bernina@SwissFel will be presented. It allowed for the first time a complete quantitative analysis (Rietvelt analysis) of the ultrafast growing and structural distorsions (volume expansion...) of the photo-induced phase.

Choix de session parallèle 6.4 Résultats scientifiques récents obtenus avec les XFEL

Primary authors

Celine Mariette (Institut de Physique de Rennes - CNRS) Hervé Cailleau (Institut de Physque de Rennes - Université de Rennes 1) Maciej Lorenc (Institut de Physique de Rennes - CNRS) Henrik Lemke (PSI - Bernina SwissFEL) Marco Cammarata (Institut de Physique de Rennes - CNRS)


Matteo Levantino (ESRF) Laurent Cario (Institut des Matériaux de Nantes - CNRS) Olivier Hernandez (Institut des Sciences Chimiques de Rennes - Université de Rennes 1) Shin-Ichi Okhoshi (University of Tokyo ,Department of Chemistry, School of Science) Hiroko Tokoro (University of Tokyo, Department of Chemistry, School of Science) Elzbieta Tzrop (Institut de Physique de Rennes - CNRS)

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