%====================================================================%
% MORIOND.TEX 2-Feb-1995 %
% This latex file rewritten from various sources for use in the %
% preparation of the standard proceedings Volume, latest version %
% for the Neutrino'96 Helsinki conference proceedings %
% by Susan Hezlet with acknowledgments to Lukas Nellen. %
% Some changes are due to David Cassel. %
% %
% Updated to LaTeX2e and adapted to Moriond 2001 conditions %
% by F.Montanet 24/04/2001 %
%====================================================================%
\documentclass[11pt]{article}
\usepackage{moriond,epsfig}
%\documentstyle[11pt,moriond,epsfig]{article}
\bibliographystyle{unsrt}
% for BibTeX - sorted numerical labels by order of
% first citation.
% Defining your photography (F.Montanet 26/03/09):
% If you want to include a picture of yourself under the title
% as it is the tradition in Moriond series,
% you may either send a photo together with the file and print,
% or you can include your portrait directly by uncommenting
% one of the following lines.
% If you use standard dvips post-processing, then uncomment the psfig version,
% which should work with ps and eps pictures.
\def\MyPhoto{\psfig{figure=myphoto.eps,width=35mm}}
% Please use the ``pdfimage'' version if you use pdflatex.
% This should work with a jpeg or png portrait of yourself, but
% beware that you might have to change psfig to pdfimage statements
% in the rest of the file.
%\def\MyPhoto{\pdfimage width 35mm {myphoto.jpg }}
% A useful Journal macro
\def\Journal#1#2#3#4{{#1} {\bf #2}, #3 (#4)}
% Some useful journal names
\def\NCA{\em Nuovo Cimento}
\def\NIM{\em Nucl. Instrum. Methods}
\def\NIMA{{\em Nucl. Instrum. Methods} A}
\def\NPB{{\em Nucl. Phys.} B}
\def\PLB{{\em Phys. Lett.} B}
\def\PRL{\em Phys. Rev. Lett.}
\def\PRD{{\em Phys. Rev.} D}
\def\ZPC{{\em Z. Phys.} C}
% Some other macros used in the sample text
\def\st{\scriptstyle}
\def\sst{\scriptscriptstyle}
\def\mco{\multicolumn}
\def\epp{\epsilon^{\prime}}
\def\vep{\varepsilon}
\def\ra{\rightarrow}
\def\ppg{\pi^+\pi^-\gamma}
\def\vp{{\bf p}}
\def\ko{K^0}
\def\kb{\bar{K^0}}
\def\al{\alpha}
\def\ab{\bar{\alpha}}
\def\be{\begin{equation}}
\def\ee{\end{equation}}
\def\bea{\begin{eqnarray}}
\def\eea{\end{eqnarray}}
\def\CPbar{\hbox{{\rm CP}\hskip-1.80em{/}}}
%temp replacement due to no font
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% %
% BEGINNING OF TEXT %
% %
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
\begin{document}
\vspace*{4cm}
\title{INSTRUCTIONS FOR PRODUCING A CAMERA-READY MANUSCRIPT}
\author{ A.B. AUTHOR }
\address{Department of Physics, Theoretical Physics, 1 Keble Road,\\
Oxford OX1 3NP, England}
\maketitle\abstracts{
This is where the abstract should be placed. It should consist of one paragraph
and give a concise summary of the material in the article below.
Replace the title, authors, and addresses within the curly brackets
with your own title, authors, and addresses; please use
capital letters for the title and the authors. You may have as many authors and
addresses as you wish. It's preferable not to use footnotes in the abstract
or the title; the
acknowledgments for funding bodies etc. are placed in a separate section at
the end of the text.}
\section{Guidelines}
\subsection{Producing the Hard Copy}\label{subsec:prod}
The hard copy may be printed using the procedure given below.
You should use
two files: \footnote{You can get these files from
our WWW pages at {\sf http://moriond.in2p3.fr/EW/2006/Proceedings/index.html}.}
\noindent {\em moriond.sty} --- the style file that provides the higher
level latex commands for the proceedings. Don't change these parameters.
\noindent {\em moriond.tex} --- the main text. You can delete our sample
text and replace it with your own contribution to the volume, however we
recommend keeping an initial version of the file for reference.
Strip off any mail headers and then latex the tex file.
The command for latexing is {\sf latex moriond}, do this twice to
sort out the cross-referencing.
These files will work with standard latex 2.09 and latex2e.
If there is an abbreviation
defined in the new definitions at the top of the file {\em moriond.tex} that
conflicts with one of your own macros, then
delete the appropriate command and revert to longhand. Failing that, please
consult your local texpert to check for other conflicting macros that may
be unique to your computer system.
{\bf Page numbers should not appear.}
\subsection{Headings and Text and Equations}
Please preserve the style of the
headings, text fonts and line spacing to provide a
uniform style for the proceedings volume.
Equations should be centered and numbered consecutively, as in
Eq.~\ref{eq:murnf}, and the {\em eqnarray} environment may be used to
split equations into several lines, for example in Eq.~\ref{eq:sp},
or to align several equations.
An alternative method is given in Eq.~\ref{eq:spa} for long sets of
equations where only one referencing equation number is wanted.
In latex, it is simplest to give the equation a label, as in
Eq.~\ref{eq:murnf}
where we have used {\em $\backslash$label\{eq:murnf\}} to identify the
equation. You can then use the reference {\em $\backslash$ref\{eq:murnf\}}
when citing the equation in the
text which will avoid the need to manually renumber equations due to
later changes. (Look at
the source file for some examples of this.)
The same method can be used for referring to sections and subsections.
\subsection{Tables}
The tables are designed to have a uniform style throughout the proceedings
volume. It doesn't matter how you choose to place the inner
lines of the table, but we would prefer the border lines to be of the style
shown in Table~\ref{tab:exp}.
The top and bottom horizontal
lines should be single (using {\em $\backslash$hline}), and
there should be single vertical lines on the perimeter,
(using {\em $\backslash$begin\{tabular\}\{$|...|$\}}).
For the inner lines of the table, it looks better if they are
kept to a minimum. We've chosen a more complicated example purely as
an illustration of what is possible.
The caption heading for a table should be placed at the top of the table.
\begin{table}[t]
\caption{Experimental Data bearing on $\Gamma(K \ra \pi \pi \gamma)$
for the $\ko_S, \ko_L$ and $K^-$ mesons.\label{tab:exp}}
\vspace{0.4cm}
\begin{center}
\begin{tabular}{|c|c|c|l|}
\hline
& & & \\
&
$\Gamma(\pi^- \pi^0)\; s^{-1}$ &
$\Gamma(\pi^- \pi^0 \gamma)\; s^{-1}$ &
\\ \hline
\mco{2}{|c|}{Process for Decay} & & \\
\cline{1-2}
$K^-$ &
$1.711 \times 10^7$ &
\begin{minipage}{1in}
$2.22 \times 10^4$ \\ (DE $ 1.46 \times 10^3)$
\end{minipage} &
\begin{minipage}{1.5in}
No (IB)-E1 interference seen but data shows excess events relative to IB over
$E^{\ast}_{\gamma} = 80$ to $100MeV$
\end{minipage} \\
& & & \\ \hline
\end{tabular}
\end{center}
\end{table}
\subsection{Figures}\label{subsec:fig}
If you wish to `embed' a postscript figure in the file, then remove the \% mark
from the declaration of the postscript figure within the figure description
and change the filename to an appropriate one.
Also remove the comment mark from the {\em input epsfig}
command at the top
of the file. You may need to play around with this as different computer
systems appear to use different commands.
Next adjust the
scaling of the figure until it's correctly positioned,
and remove the declarations of the
lines and any anomalous spacing.
If you prefer to use some other method then it's very important to
leave the correct amount of vertical space in the figure declaration
to accomodate your figure (remove the lines and change the vspace in the
example.) Send the hard copy figures on separate pages with clear
instructions to match them to the correct space in the final hard copy
text. Please ensure the final hard copy figure is correctly scaled to
fit the space available (this ensures the figure is legible.)
The caption heading for a figure should be placed below the figure.
\subsection{Limitations on the Placement of Tables,
Equations and Figures}\label{sec:plac}
Very large figures and tables should be placed on a page by themselves. One
can use the instruction {\em $\backslash$begin\{figure\}$[$p$]$} or
{\em $\backslash$begin\{table\}$[$p$]$}
to position these, and they will appear on a separate page devoted to
figures and tables. We would recommend making any necessary
adjustments to the layout of the figures and tables
only in the final draft. It is also simplest to sort out line and
page breaks in the last stages.
\subsection{Acknowledgments, Appendices, Footnotes and the Bibliography}
If you wish to have
acknowledgments to funding bodies etc., these may be placed in a separate
section at the end of the text, before the Appendices. This should not
be numbered so use {\em $\backslash$section$\ast$\{Acknowledgments\}}.
It's preferable to have no appendices in a brief article, but if more
than one is necessary then simply copy the
{\em $\backslash$section$\ast$\{Appendix\}}
heading and type in Appendix A, Appendix B etc. between the brackets.
Footnotes are denoted by a letter superscript
in the text,\footnote{Just like this one.} and references
are denoted by a number superscript.
We have used {\em $\backslash$bibitem} to produce the bibliography.
Citations in the text use the labels defined in the bibitem declaration,
for example, the first paper by Jarlskog~\cite{ja} is cited using the command
{\em $\backslash$cite\{ja\}}.
If you more commonly use the method of square brackets in the line of text
for citation than the superscript method,
please note that you need to adjust the punctuation
so that the citation command appears after the punctuation mark.
\subsection{Final Manuscript}
The final hard copy that you send must be absolutely clean and unfolded.
It will be printed directly without any further editing. Use a printer
that has a good resolution (300 dots per inch or higher). There should
not be any corrections made on the printed pages, nor should adhesive
tape cover any lettering. Photocopies are not acceptable.
The manuscript will not be reduced or enlarged when filmed so please ensure
that indices and other small pieces of text are legible.
A paper version should be sent by the {\bf 15th of May 2009} to:\\
{\bf
Vera de Sa-Varanda\\
LPNHE - Universités Paris VI et VII\\
4 place Jussieu\\
Tour 43 RdC\\
75252 Paris Cedex 05\\
France\\
~\\
Email : varanda@lpnhe.in2p3.fr
}\\
The following may be (and has been) described as `dangerously irrelevant'
physics. The Lorentz-invariant phase space integral for
a general n-body decay from a particle with momentum $P$
and mass $M$ is given by:
\begin{equation}
I((P - k_i)^2, m^2_i, M) = \frac{1}{(2 \pi)^5}\!
\int\!\frac{d^3 k_i}{2 \omega_i} \! \delta^4(P - k_i).
\label{eq:murnf}
\end{equation}
The only experiment on $K^{\pm} \ra \pi^{\pm} \pi^0 \gamma$ since 1976
is that of Bolotov {\it et al}.~\cite{bu}
There are two
necessary conditions required for any acceptable
parametrization of the
quark mixing matrix. The first is that the matrix must be unitary, and the
second is that it should contain a CP violating phase $\delta$.
In Sec.~\ref{subsec:fig} the connection between invariants (of
form similar to J) and unitarity relations
will be examined further for the more general $ n \times n $ case.
The reason is that such a matrix is not a faithful representation of the group,
i.e. it does not cover all of the parameter space available.
\begin{equation}
\begin{array}{rcl}
\bf{K} & = & Im[V_{j, \alpha} {V_{j,\alpha + 1}}^*
{V_{j + 1,\alpha }}^* V_{j + 1, \alpha + 1} ] \\
& & + Im[V_{k, \alpha + 2} {V_{k,\alpha + 3}}^*
{V_{k + 1,\alpha + 2 }}^* V_{k + 1, \alpha + 3} ] \\
& & + Im[V_{j + 2, \beta} {V_{j + 2,\beta + 1}}^*
{V_{j + 3,\beta }}^* V_{j + 3, \beta + 1} ] \\
& & + Im[V_{k + 2, \beta + 2} {V_{k + 2,\beta + 3}}^*
{V_{k + 3,\beta + 2 }}^* V_{k + 3, \beta + 3}] \\
& & \\
\bf{M} & = & Im[{V_{j, \alpha}}^* V_{j,\alpha + 1}
V_{j + 1,\alpha } {V_{j + 1, \alpha + 1}}^* ] \\
& & + Im[V_{k, \alpha + 2} {V_{k,\alpha + 3}}^*
{V_{k + 1,\alpha + 2 }}^* V_{k + 1, \alpha + 3} ] \\
& & + Im[{V_{j + 2, \beta}}^* V_{j + 2,\beta + 1}
V_{j + 3,\beta } {V_{j + 3, \beta + 1}}^* ] \\
& & + Im[V_{k + 2, \beta + 2} {V_{k + 2,\beta + 3}}^*
{V_{k + 3,\beta + 2 }}^* V_{k + 3, \beta + 3}],
\\ & &
\end{array}\label{eq:spa}
\end{equation}
where $ k = j$ or $j+1$ and $\beta = \alpha$ or $\alpha+1$, but if
$k = j + 1$, then $\beta \neq \alpha + 1$ and similarly, if
$\beta = \alpha + 1$ then $ k \neq j + 1$.\footnote{An example of a
matrix which has elements
containing the phase variable $e^{i \delta}$ to second order, i.e.
elements with a
phase variable $e^{2i \delta}$ is given at the end of this section.}
There are only 162 quark mixing matrices using these parameters
which are
to first order in the phase variable $e^{i \delta}$ as is the case for
the Jarlskog parametrizations, and for which J is not identically
zero.
It should be noted that these are physically identical and
form just one true parametrization.
\bea
T & = & Im[V_{11} {V_{12}}^* {V_{21}}^* V_{22}] \nonumber \\
& & + Im[V_{12} {V_{13}}^* {V_{22}}^* V_{23}] \nonumber \\
& & - Im[V_{33} {V_{31}}^* {V_{13}}^* V_{11}].
\label{eq:sp}
\eea
\begin{figure}
\rule{5cm}{0.2mm}\hfill\rule{5cm}{0.2mm}
\vskip 2.5cm
\rule{5cm}{0.2mm}\hfill\rule{5cm}{0.2mm}
%\psfig{figure=filename.ps,height=1.5in}
\caption{Radiative (off-shell, off-page and out-to-lunch) SUSY Higglets.
\label{fig:radish}}
\end{figure}
\section*{Acknowledgments}
This is where one places acknowledgments for funding bodies etc.
Note that there are no section numbers for the Acknowledgments, Appendix
or References.
\section*{Appendix}
We can insert an appendix here and place equations so that they are
given numbers such as Eq.~\ref{eq:app}.
\be
x = y.
\label{eq:app}
\ee
\section*{References}
\begin{thebibliography}{99}
\bibitem{ja}C Jarlskog in {\em CP Violation}, ed. C Jarlskog
(World Scientific, Singapore, 1988).
\bibitem{ma}L. Maiani, \Journal{\PLB}{62}{183}{1976}.
\bibitem{bu}J.D. Bjorken and I. Dunietz, \Journal{\PRD}{36}{2109}{1987}.
\bibitem{bd}C.D. Buchanan {\it et al}, \Journal{\PRD}{45}{4088}{1992}.
\end{thebibliography}
\end{document}
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% End of moriond.tex %
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%